Wednesday, April 04, 2007


I have lost many things over the years. First time I lost a 25 paise coin. It was given to buy two seers of salt. One seer cost 10 paise. I had put the coin in the bag. My mother had told me several times not to lose the coin. So after every few steps I opened the bag and looked. During one such attempt I lost the coin and could not locate it.

I lost my degree certificate. It was a Sunday, 31/7/1994. I had gone for an interview. I had put a file in a bag. I held the degree certificate in a paper cylinder. I had walked to the place of interview and while returning I realised the certificate was missing. I went back searching on the way but could not find it.

I lost my Bank of Baroda cheque book and that resulted in not being able to close the account.

I lost my Manipal Finance Corporation FDRs. The loss is more than Rs.25,000/-. Manipal Finance Corporation is also avoiding payments to people who have FDRs.

I lost my spectacles four times. Third time was on 18/2/2007 and the loss was Rs.1,000/-.
Sometimes I forget to collect change. Once while buying a railway pass worth Rs.88/- I gave a Rs.100/- note and forgot to collect change. Fourth time was on 27/3/2007. After getting down at Vasai Road Station I came out and was standing in queue for autorickshaw. My spectacles were in my bag. There was one SMS. I took out the spectacles to read it. It was a routine SMS from BSNL welcoming me. I put the spectacles in the left pocket of my trousers. I got down at Shreeji Tower at Evershine City and bought bread. It was around 8.25 p.m. After coming out and walking a few steps I realized my spectacles were missing. I went back where I got down. The autorickshaw was not there. I reached home at 8.34 p.m. After a few minutes it occurred tome that the autorickshaw may be in queue waiting for passengers to go to Vasai Road Station. I went there and asked some autorickshaw drivers and saw the autorickshaws there. I could not find the spectacles. Losing spectacles after one month was a bad experience.

Apart from losing and forgetting, at times my things were stolen. In local trains my money was stolen several times, passes at least twice, mobile once and bag once. The

The loss of mobile cost of Rs.8,275/- besides the effort in storing the numbers. That was on 19/2/2004. The cost of losing the bag on 31/5/2004 was around Rs.500/-. It included the cost of may bag, my tiffin box with spoon and Rs.200/- I had paid for a set Xerox copies of purchase agreement of my flat. Mobile and bag were stolen in first class compartment.

Sometimes coins fall from my hands and land up in gutters. Thrice torches fell from my hand in toilets and disappeared.

Sometimes I keep something at a place and the next instant I don’t find it there. Once while arranging my papers I could not find National Savings Certificates.

I wonder why and how such things happen to me. Can someone enlighten me?

Thursday, January 25, 2007

THOUGHTS ON 25/1/2007

Tamil Nadu has demanded a new Constitution for India. The reason is wrong. They want to preserve 69% reservation in educational institutions. Many amendments to Constitutions were wrong.

Jayalalitha could not contest elections and could not be chief minister because the lower court had found her guilty. Navjot Singh Sidhu is found guilty by High Court. Supreme Court has stayed the sentence and conviction and praised him for resigning. Navjot Singh Sidhu wants to contest the election to be MP of Amritsar, the seat that became vacant due to his resignation. Elections cost lot of money and time. Those who resign should not be allowed to contest the seat again for the remainder of the term. Sonia Gandhi and Chandrashekhara Rao had done it. The persons who resign should be made to reimburse the expenses on elections. No candidate should be allowed to contest two seats at one time. Once elected as MP or MLA the person should not be able to hold any other office for the duration of the term except President or Vice President of India or Governor of an Indian State.

KBC is a good programme. All who give correct answers must be given a chance.

At one time there was one sports channel, Prime Sports, which later became Star Sports. Then came ESPN. These two channels were rivals for some time. Then they joined together. Then came Ten Sports followed by Sahara One which got telecast rights for a cricket series and Zee Sports. Neo Sports was the next entrant. Somewhere came DD Sports, owned by the Government of India.

Private Sports channels may begin as free to air channels but soon become pay channels. Every time a new sporting event comes up if a new channel gets telecast rights it becomes difficult for people. They have to pay for existing channels which become useless and have to pay additional amount for a new channel. Now there is CAS in four cities and DTH is spreading to many places. If people make their choices wisely TV channels cannot take them for granted. The channels that become useless must be dumped. If people don’t demand live telecasts then the channel that holds the rights will be the loser.

Delayed telecast of seven minutes will not make much difference.

Laws against bigamy must be stringent. Monogamy should be the rule for all people. Having a second wife must be punishable with imprisonment. Whether the wife, who becomes first wife later, consents or not is immaterial. If the wife is unable to conceive and the husband wants a child there should be divorce. This also raises the question about women who knowingly become second or subsequent wives. Many such women are rich and famous.

There can not be temporary marriage. What goes for temporary marriage among Shias of Iran and Iraq is a cover for concubinage or prostitution.

Germany’s population declined for fifth year in succession in 2006. Population is declining in most countries of Europe. Germany does not grant citizenship to non-Germans. USA’s growth in population is mainly due to immigration.

Friday, January 19, 2007

THOUGHTS ON 20/1/2006

If something is offensive TV channels should not show it. Sometimes TV channels give publicity to clips they say are offensive. IBN 7 showed a clip of which it said insulted Gandhi. More people came to know about the clip. The Government of India issued a notice to IBN 7 and the channel had to apologise.

There are demands for ban of various types of films but no demand to ban a film that glorifies tax evasion, bribery and smuggling.

Use of Internet for destroying someone’s reputation should be punished.

Affairs, break-ups, engagements and marriages of actors and actresses are not news that deserve telecast on news channels as headlines. They can be shown in entertainment or film sections.

Advertisements of food items, toilet articles, stationery, jewellery and cosmetics should be banned.

Indians should not attach importance to Oscars. Getting Oscar award does not mean that film is great. Some films that got best foreign film award are not better than some of our Hindi films. It the idea is to get publicity and market the producers should dub or sub-title their films and distribute in other countries. However song and dance sequences do not make sense to many foreigners.

Racism should not be confused with dislike for someone’s food or making fun of accent.

It is ridiculous to ban the wearing of a crucifix in a school as a health and safety issue. This happened in England.

There should be a change in the process of selection of Indian cricket team. First the team should be selected. Then the captain should be selected out of the players selected. Those who are not fit or out of form should not be selected. Captain should be for a series. After every series there should be fresh selection.

There should be no Special Economic Zones. Governments should not be acquiring land for private enterprises. Why should some places have tax concessions? Let the whole country be Special Economic Zone and have tax concessions.

China has tested anti-satellite missile. It is a warning to USA. USA did not want such tests to be banned. Now it is concerned.

Full details of Nithari killings are not available. We may have to wait for the trial to begin to know who all are guilty and of what crimes.

Wednesday, January 10, 2007


Saddam Hussein was hanged at around 6.00 a.m. (8.30 a.m. IST) on 30/12/2006. He was sentenced to death for killing of 148 people in Dujail in 1982 by lower court on 5/11/2006, two days before American elections. He filed an appeal. His appeal was rejected on 26/12/2006 and he was to be hanged by 25/1/2007. He was hanged within four days, on Id-ul-Adha.

Iraq, under US occupation, did what George Bush wanted. The trial was not fair. It was not telecast live. It was not open. Three defence lawyers were killed. Presiding judge was changed.

When Iran-Iraq was going on Arab countries and USA sided with Iraq. When Iraq invaded and annexed Kuwait in 1990 many Arab countries joined USA lead coalition. The decline of USSR as superpower and development of night vision technology caused additional difficulties for Iraq. Iraq was bombarded. Civilian facilities were destroyed.

USA has supported many dictators and toppled democratically elected governments. It tried to topple Hugo Chavez, President of Venezuela. It supports Pervez Musharraf in Pakistan.

USA invaded Iraq in 2003. UN and NATO did not approve it. Pope John Paul II, Archbishop of Canterbury and Catholic Bishops of USA opposed it. Many countries were opposed to it. In USA many people opposed the war. The people Saddam Hussein trusted most betrayed him in April 2003 and Baghdad fell.

The Americans were disinformed about reasons for 2003 Iraq war and many got brainwashed. Saddam Hussein was accused of having weapons of mass destruction. He was accused of 11/9/2001 attacks on USA though he was not a friend of Osama Bin Laden. USA had propped up Osama Bin Laden in Afghanistan against USSR. There were no weapons of mass destruction. Colin Powell who made a presentation to UN justifying war later said the details were wrong.

Under Saddam Hussein Iraq was a secular state. After his downfall Muslim fundamentalists became powerful. Life became difficult for Christians and moderate Muslims.

Crimes committed by Saddam Hussein are no match for the crimes committed by Americans in Iraq in 1991 and 2003 onwards. Who will punish them? The Presidents, Generals, pilots, marines and others involved are guilty of many crimes.

The war in Iraq was for getting contracts to American companies like Halliburton. While Iraqis suffered greatly USA is not free from suffering either. The number of US servicemen killed in Iraq is now more than 3000. How many more American soldiers have to die before USA withdraws from Iraq?

After the downfall of Saddam Hussein the situation turned worse in Iraq. Saddam Hussein was captured in December 2003. He was humiliated in many ways. Pictures of doctors examining him and while in prison in underwear made it to TV and newspapers. He was charged with many crimes and found guilty in Dujail case.

Civil war is going on in Iraq. Soon it will be split into three or more parts. The Americans wants to divide Iraq and rule it.

What some people call victor’s justice is victor’s vengeance or invader’s injustice. After World War II the Germans and the Japanese were punished. No one from USA, UK, USSR, France and other countries on their side was punished. The crimes committed by Allies were more than that of Axis powers but they were not publicised.

The crimes committed by Americans at Abu Ghraib and other places show the face of the aggressor. A few soldiers were punished. People at the top who knew it and allowed were not punished.

Saddam Hussein was not a saint. His brother-in-law and sons-in-law died in strange circumstances. He was not faithful to his wife. Like other dictators he was ruthless.

The testimony of some witnesses was doubtful. About one witness Saddam Hussein said he could not have been born at that time.

Once Saddam Hussein was overthrown he was not a force to reckon with. After his capture he could not carry on the fight. His sons and a grandson died in a gun battle. He wanted to be shot as he thought himself to be a military man. That wish was not granted.

Wednesday, January 03, 2007


The year 2006 was witness to many events. Some of them were unprecedented. I mention some events.

Publishing of cartoons about Mohammed in a Danish newspaper caused riots in many countries. Newspapers in some countries reprinted the cartoons. No newspaper in India reprinted them. TV channels did not show them in full. Danish flags were burnt.

Sania Mirza’s rank slipped to 70. In 2005 it had gone up to 31.

Pope Benedict XVI’s quotation of a Byzantine Emperor in his Regensburg speech caused protests. The pope apologized for the hurt it caused. His tour to Turkey was in jeopardy. It took place. The pope prayed at Blue Mosque.

There was train blasts in Bombay on 11/7/2006.

Pluto was declared a dwarf planet on 24/8/2006. Later its name was changed.

Montenegro separated from Serbia. Serbia became a landlocked country.

India lost the Test Series against Pakistan and won ODI series. The series against England ended in a draw as India were all out for 100 in the second innings of the last Test. India after winning the first ODI against West Indies lost the next four. It won the Test Series 1-0. This victory on West Indies soil was achieved after 35 years. India lost the subsequent ODI series. In Champions Trophy it did not reach the semi finals. India won the first Test against S. Africa in S. Africa for the first time. Irfan Pathan was sent back for poor form during the series, a first in Indian cricket. His batting was the best in the team. He was used as a batsman several times. He had opened the innings. Suddenly team management wanted him to take wickets and that only was considered. Form of Virender Sehwag and Wasim Jaffer was worse than him. They were not sent back after losing the second Test.

The judgment in Bombay Bomb Blasts Case 1993 was delivered in instalments. It began on 10/9/2006 and ended on 4/12/2006. Many of the convicts are out on bail. Quantum of the punishment is to be decided.

The trial court judgment in Jessica Lall case acquitting the guilty shocked the nation. There was demand for reinvestigation and retrial. This also brought into focus Priyadarshini Mattoo case where the judge had acquitted Santosh Singh of rape and murder even though he knew he had committed the cirme. Delhi High Court awarded death sentence to Santosh Singh and life sentence to Manu Sharma.

Nepal ceased to be a Hindu Kingdom. King became a figurehead.

The pope gave up the title `Patriarch of the West’.

Military took over in Fiji.
Share Warne became the first player to take 700 Test wickets.

Alexander Litvienko died of polonium poisoning.

Saddam Hussein was hanged on 30/12/2006.

Sunday, December 10, 2006


The Government of India has solicited people’s suggestions/ comments regarding pay scale to civil servants to be decided by Sixth Central Pay Commission. It is in the form of a questionnaire. People have to answer the questions. The questionnaire can be downloaded from and answers can be sent to My answers are as below:


1. Comparison with public/private sectors

1.1 Should there be any comparison/parity between pay scales and perquisites in Government and the public/private sector?
1.2 Is it possible to quantify all other benefits, excluding pay, derived by employees in Government and the public and private sectors from security of tenure, promotional avenues, retirement packages, housing and other invisibles? In view of these benefits, can there be any fair comparison between the salaries available in the government vis-à-vis the salaries in the private sector?
Public sector jobs have security. Promotions and increments are regular. Private sector jobs do not have pension. There should be no comparison.
1.3 In order to ensure a fair comparison based on principles of equity and social justice, would it not also be appropriate to take into account the economic conditions of large sections of the community that are less privileged than Government employees and many of whom live below the poverty line?
Employment should be based on merit. Principles of equity and social justice are irrelevant.

2. International comparisons

2.1 Some countries have raised civil service pay scales almost to levels prevalent in the private sector on the hypothesis that a well-paid bureaucracy is likely to be honest and diligent. To what extent would such a hypothesis be valid and how far would such a course of action be desirable?
Public Sector employees do not have the disadvantages of Private
Sector. If they want such scales they should be ready for ‘hire and fire’.

3. Impact on other organizations

3.1 Salary structure in the Central and State Governments is broadly similar. The recommendations of the Pay Commission are likely to lead to similar demands from employees of State Governments, municipal bodies, panchayati raj institutions & autonomous institutions

Their paying capacity is considerably limited. To what extent should this factor be considered in devising a reasonable remuneration package for Central Government employees?
This factor should not be considered.

4. Salaries

4.1 How should we determine the salary to be paid to a Secretary in the Central Government? Please suggest an appropriate basic pay for a Secretary? Can appointment to this post be made on a contractual basis where salaries and tenure are linked to the performance in terms of achieving defined targets?
Retain 5th pay commission scale. Appointment to this post be made on a contractual basis. USA does not have fixed tenure for top officers. They do not have something like IAS. Secretary need not be a bureaucrat.
4.2 What should be the reasonable ratio between the minimum and the maximum of a pay scale?
Minimum should be one fourth of the maximum. Maximum salary is when the person retires. Minimum should be the starting scale. If the person’s salary begins with Rs.10,000/- when he joins, when he retires after full years of service it should not be more than Rs.40,000/-.
4.3 Is it necessary to persist with a pre-determined minimum-maximum ratio on ideological considerations? Or is it more important to ensure efficient administration by preventing flight of outstanding talent from Government?
It is not necessary to persist with a pre-determined minimum-maximum ratio on ideological considerations. On practical considerations the ratio should be maintained. There are many reasons why outstanding talent flees government.

5. Relativities

5.1 Employees in the Secretariat and analogous establishments are entitled to higher pay scales than the corresponding field functionaries. This was supposed to compensate them for the loss of certain facilities available to them in field assignments and the extra effort required for decision-making at the policy level. Are these factors valid even today particularly in the context of decentralization and devolution of administrative powers? Is this discrimination between field and secretariat functionaries even justified today?
The factors are not valid today. Discrimination is not justified.

6. Group-A Services

6.1 Is there a case for a Unified Civil Service, merging therein all Central (both technical and non-technical) and All India Services, allowing vertical and horizontal movement ? Or should there be two distinct
streams, one embracing all the technical services and the other for non-technical services?
Civil Service should be abolished. Suitable candidates must be taken after interviews. They should be graduates and when they join at lower level should not be more than 24 years old.
6.2 Do you feel that the pattern of pay scales for all Group A Services should be redesignated so as to attract candidates of the requisite caliber? Keeping in view some of the compensation packages being offered to fresh professionals by the private sector, what emoluments would you suggest for an entrant to a Group-A Service in Government?
No need to redesignate. Private Sector has ups and downs. When there are downs public sector employees don’t talk of reduction in salaries.

7. Professional personnel

7.1 Should there be a higher compensation package for scientists in certain specialized streams/departments like Department of Space, Department of Atomic Energy? If so, what should be the reasonable package in their case?
It is not known how much they are paid. So no comments. However Government should not employ scientists on large scale. When satellites fail there is loss of lot of money. We should find alternatives for Atomic Energy. Blasts in nuclear reactors are dangerous and consequences last for decades.

8. Classification of posts

8.1 Presently, civilian posts in the Central Government are classified into four Groups (‘A’, ‘B’, ‘C’ & ‘D’) with reference to their scales of pay. The Fifth Central Pay Commission had recommended their reclassification into Executive, Supervisory, Supporting and Auxiliary Staff. Would you suggest any changes in the existing classification or should the classification recommended by Fifth Central Pay Commission be adopted with/without modifications?
Reclassification is cosmetic. It does not serve any purpose. It is like calling call centre employees customer care executives.

9. Restructuring of Group ‘C’ & ‘D’ posts

9.1 Should all lower Group ‘C’ functionaries in the Secretariat be replaced by multi-functional Executive Assistants, who would be graduates and well versed in office work, secretarial skills and use of modern office equipment including computers? Should Similar arrangements can be evolved for Group ‘C’ posts in other organisations of Government?
9.2 Should a similar regrouping of Group D staff into fewer categories capable of performing diverse functions also be carried out?

10. Pay Scales

10.1 How should a pay scale be structured? What is a reasonable ratio between the minimum and maximum of a pay scale?
Pay Scale should be consolidated and should not have Basic, DA and HRA divisions and PF and ESIC deductions. Minimum should be one fourth of the maximum. Maximum salary is when the person retires. Minimum should be the starting scale. If the person’s salary begins with Rs.10,000/- when he joins, when he retires after full years of service it should not be more than Rs.40,000/-.

10.2 The successive Pay Commissions have progressively reduced the number of distinct pay scales. The number of scales has therefore come down from more than 500 scales at the time of the Second Central Pay Commission to 51 scales before Fifth Central Pay Commission, which was brought down to 33 scales by the Fifth Central Pay Commission. The reduction in the number of pay scales brings in attendant problems like the promotion and the feeder grades coming to lie in the same pay scale, etc. Do you feel whether the existing number of pay scales should be retained or increased or decreased or whether the same should be replaced by a running pay scale?

11. Increments

11.1 What should be the criteria for determining the rates and frequency of increments in respect of different scales of pay? Should these bear a uniform or varying relationship with the minima and/or maxima of the scales?
Increment should be after completion of each year of service. It should be 10% of starting salary.

12. Revision of pay scales

12.1 Is there any need to revise the pay scales periodically especially when 100% neutralization for inflation is available in form of dearness allowance?
No need to revise the pay scales periodically.
12.2 How should pay be fixed in the revised pay scales? Should there be a point-to-point fixation? If not, please suggest a method by which it can be ensured that senior personnel are not placed at a disadvantage vis-à-vis their juniors and due weightage is given for the longer service rendered by the former.

13. Compensatory Allowances

13.1 Is City Compensatory Allowance a sufficient compensation for the problems of a large city? If DA and HRA provide full neutralization, do you think CCA should continue? Is there a need for changing the basis of classification of cities and the rates of CCA? If so, please suggest the revised basis and rates.
If DA and HRA provide full neutralization, CCA should not continue.

14. Pay and perquisites for Armed Forces

14.1 What should be the basis for determination of pay scales for Armed Forces Personnel? What percentage weightage should be assigned to (i) parity with civil services, (ii) comparison with private sector, (iii) special and hazardous nature of duties, (iv) short career span and (v) restricted rights?
There is no comparison of Armed Forces Personnel with other services. Armed Forces Personnel are required to defend the country. They can kill and get killed.
14.2 How should the pay of a soldier, sailor and airman be determined? How should it relate to the minimum wage in Government and the pay of a constable in paramilitary or internal security forces?
The pay of a soldier, sailor and airman should be determined according to the nature of duties. It should not relate to the minimum wage in Government and the pay of a constable in paramilitary or internal security forces. The number of soldiers needs to be reduced. Soldiers should have armours, helmets, visors, gloves, pads etc that are bullet proof.

15. Abolition of feudalism

15.1 Should all vestiges of feudalism in the country like huge residential bungalows sprawling over several acres, large number of servants’ quarters, retinues of personal staff, bungalow peons, use of uniformed personnel as batmen or on unnecessary security or ceremonial duties etc. be abolished? Please make concrete suggestions.
Yes. Officers and higher ranked civil servants must be provided flats. In places where flats can not be provided. single houses can be provided, but no servants, peons etc. The bungalows can be sold and Government can make lot of money.

16. Specific proposals

16.1 In what manner can Central Government organizations functioning be improved to make them more professional, citizen-friendly and delivery oriented?
Automation and computerization will improve the functioning of Central Government organizations.
16.2 Please outline specific proposals, which could result in:

(i) Reduction and redeployment of staff,
(ii) Reduction of paper work,
(iii) Better work environment,
(iv) Economy in expenditure,
(v) Professionalisation of services,
(vi) Reduction in litigation on service matters,
(vii) Better delivery of service by government agencies to their users.

Automation and computerization will result in the above. There should be disciplinary action against civil servants who are not doing their duty.

17. New concepts

17.1 Do you think the concepts of contractual appointment, part-time work, flexible job description, flexi time etc. need to be introduced in Government to change the environment, provide more jobs and impart flexibility to the working conditions of employees?
Contractual appointment can be tried. Government offices should have fixed time and there can not be flexi time.
17.2 For improving punctuality/introducing new concepts like flexi time, should biometric entry/exit be introduced?
17.3 What steps should be taken to ensure that scientists, doctors, engineers and other professionals with sophisticated education and skills are retained in their specialized fields in Government? Should they be appointed on contract with a higher status and initial pay, advance increments, better service conditions, etc.?
The performance of professionals in many fields in pathetic. After many years of effort and thousands of crores of rupees our Defence Forces do not have Light Combat Aircraft, Main Battle Tank and suitable missiles. Institutions like Defence Research and Development Organization must be wound up.
17.4 Should there be lateral movement from Government to non-Government jobs and vice versa? If so, in which sphere(s) and to what extent ?

17.5 It has been suggested that existing Government employees should be encouraged to shift to employment on contract for specified periods in return for a substantially higher remuneration package. Would you agree?

18. Performance Appraisal

18.1 In what way should be present system of performance appraisal be changed? Should be ACR be an open document?
The ACR should be shown to the person about whom it is written.
18.2 How far has the introduction of self-assessment helped in the process of appraisal?
Self-assessment is of no use.
18.3 Should appraisal be done for an entire team instead of for individuals?
18.4 In what manner can Government employees be made personally accountable for their acts of omission or commission, without any special safeguards? Would you recommend any amendments to Article 311 of the Constitution, Section 197 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, Section 17 and 19 of the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 and various rules relating to conduct of Government servants and disciplinary proceedings?
`Interest of the security of the State’ should not be a reason for not holding an inquiry.

19. Holidays

19.1 Kindly comment on the appropriateness of adopting a five-day week in Government offices when other sectors follow a six day week. Please also state whether the number of Gazetted holidays in Government offices should be reduced? Please also comment on the appropriateness of declaring Gazetted holidays for all major religious festivals.
Government offices must follow a six day week. Number of Gazetted holidays should not be more than 12 per year. Gandhi Jayanti and Ambedkar Jayanti should not be holidays. Total number of holidays including earned/privilege leave, sick leave, casual leave, Gazetted holidays and restricted holidays should not be more than 60 days per year.
19.2 What do you think is the state of work ethics and punctuality in Government offices? Kindly suggest ways of improving these.
Those who do not do the work must be punished. There must be punch card system for punctuality.

Sunday, December 03, 2006


India witnesses protests at various times at different places. Some of them are violent and result in death and injury to people and damage to property. In a democracy people have a right to protest peacefully. There is no right to cause hardships and damage property.

On 30/11/2006 Deccan Queen was burnt. One local train was burnt. Many buses were damaged. The protests in Maharashtra were against the desecration of a statue of Ambedkar in Kanpur.

Riots can be contained soon if the police are impartial and are allowed to do their job. Sometimes police take sides. Sometimes there is political interference. A few times police do their job there are inquiry commissions. Competent and dutiful persons are punished with suspension and transfer.

Those who stop, burn, destroy and damage trains, buses, cars, trucks and other vehicles must be made to pay for the loss they cause. The cost of damage must include the cost of the vehicle and loss caused due to inability to work. Those who destroy and loot houses, shops etc must pay for their acts. Those who commit murder must be put to death.

Sometimes protests take the form of riots. Rarely a person is punished for the crimes committed during riots. 1984 Delhi riots, 1992-93 Bombay riots and 2002 Gujarat riots are examples of these.

Bandhs are imposed on people. After Bombay High Court fined Shiv Sena and BJP Rs.20 lakhs each they have officially not called any bandh. When Meenatai Thackeray’s statue was desecrated on 9/7/2006 there was unofficial bandh from Shiv Sena.

A beginning must be made. Guilty must be punished.